Brain Maya is a blog about transformative and evolutionary technologies. The phrase “Brain Maya” roughly translates into “Illusions Of The Brain“, which is an allusion to humanities specious experience of reality. The average human brain functions at a level which grossly limits our ability to experience ultimate reality. What this ultimate reality constitutes and how we could experience it remains the raison d’etre  behind this blog.

This blog is edited and published by Abhay Nayak, an independent researcher and explores research and technologies which includes

  1. Sensors (Wearables, Hearables, Remote/environmental)
  2. Data (Artificial Intelligence and Big Data)
  3. Biofeedback
  4. Neuro-feedback (Examples : EEG, fMRI)
  5. Neurostim (DBS, CNS, FUS, TUS, TMS,tXCS, tRNS, )
  6. Perception (VR, AR & MR)
  7. Sleep (Monitoring, Improvement)
  8. Apps (Gaming, Mental Health, Well-Being, Social and Behavior)
  9. Consciousness Technologies.

The above topics and abbreviations and their meanings are explained below in detail for the lay person.

Sensors : A sensor can be defined as any device which can detect or measure a physical property and is able to record or respond to it. The last few years has seen sensor technology evolving rapidly coupled with it’s miniaturization. Did you know?  A high end mobile phone sold in early 2017 can be expected to have up to 15 different sensors, some of these would be an accelerometer for motion detection, a gyroscope for rotation monitoring, a light sensor to control screen brightness, etc. Sensors also form an integral part of the Internet Of Things(IoT). Know more about the world of sensors in this Computer World article.

Data : Big Data and Artificial Intelligence is transforming business and altering our societies. Machine learning AI’s can now perform tasks that would have seemed impossible even a few decades ago. Here is a Forbes article on predictions for Big Data, IoT and AI in 2017. 

Biofeedback : Is a process of using electronic devices to monitor what is an automatic bodily function and using the data recorded to acquire conscious control of that function.  For example with biofeedback training you can control your heart rate which is usually considered to be an involuntary function. Biofeedback is a growing alternative therapy in developed countries. It can be used to treat and control the following health problems.

Neuro-feedback (NFB) : Refers to a form of biofeedback that relies on the use of real time interpretations of brain activity to allow self regulation of brain functions. Electroencephalography (EEG) is the most commonly used form of neuro-feedback. For a deeper understanding of the science behind and what it entails it do read this article by Dr Mark Steinberg.

Neurostimulation:  involves the stimulation / suppression of the nervous system’s activity using invasive (e.g. microelectrodes) or non-invasive means (TMS). Some of the popular forms of neuromodulation are given below:

  • DBS – Deep brain stimulation
  • CNS – Central nervous system stimulants
  • TUS – Transcranial ultrasound stimulation
  • FUS – Transcranial focused ultrasound stimulation
  • TMS – Transcranial magnetic stimulation
  • (tACS) – Transcranial alternating stimulation
  • (tRNS) –  Transcranial random noise stimulation
  • (tDCS) –  Transcranial direct current stimulation

Virtual Reality (VR) : is the use of advanced technologies (sensors, optics and computers) to create a stimulated environment with such accuracy that the user views it like a real environment. Example :- Occulus Rift by Facebook.

Augmented Reality (AR) : is a form of technology that superimposes a computer-generated image on a user’s view of the real world,  providing a composite view. Example :- Pokemon Go and Microsoft Hololens.

Mixed Reality (MR) : is a nascent form of technology often referred to as hybrid reality. It involves the merging of real and virtual worlds to produce new environments and visualizations, hitherto unknown. Some believe it will be the most important tech of 2017. Example : Magic Leap

Sleep Monitoring : 30% of the adult population in developed countries suffers from some form of sleep disorder. It’s a global epidemic that has caught the fancy of entrepreneurs. Oprah has a list of sleep gadgets that you might want to try.

Apps For Mental Health : Did you know? Approximately 1 in 5 adults in the U.S experiences some form of mental illness in any given year. The last few years have seen the launch of hundreds of apps aimed at alleviating mental illness. Some of the successful ones are Headspace and Sleepio.

Consciousness Technologies : It is still too early to define this form of technology but some of us have had a glimpse of it. To stay updated , subscribe to our weekly newsletter.

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